Climacteric and Non-climacteric Fruit List

The table below has Climacteric and Non climacteric listings as well as flower information for a number of species of fruits. As readers make more information available the list will be expanded. In very general terms a climacteric fruit can be picked from the tree at full size or maturity but before it is 'ripe' and allowed to ripen off the tree. Generally there is an increase in flavor quality, juice, sugars and other factors. Again, in general terms, non climacteric fruits tend to maintain what ever quality they had at harvest without many beneficial changes.

More technically, in climacteric fruit 'ripening' is controlled by the fruits production of Ethylene and a significant increase in CO2 production. Non climacteric fruit produce little or no Ethylene and no large increase in CO2 production. Some fruits are picked full sized and green in color and held under refrigeration with Ethylene gas added to make them suitable for sale. It seems that much of what we know about the ripening of non climacteric fruit remains poorly understood.

Some varieties of different fruit may exhibit a change in ripening when picked but still be mostly non-climacteric (some literature suggests that some grape varieties are climacteric, some citrus are considered better flavored after chilling or storage (some oranges, some grapefruit)). As information is supplied by readers the list will be updated.

CL = Climacteric          NC = Non-Climacteric

Latin
Common
Type
Actinidia delicios
Kiwi CL
Adansonia digitata                          
Baobab CL
Anacardium occidentale
Cashew NC
Ananas comosus
Pineapple NC
Annona cherimola
Cherimoya CL
Annona hybrid
Atemoya CL
Annona muricata
Soursop CL
Annona squamosa
Sugarapple CL
Artocarpus altilis
Breadfruit CL
Artocarpus heterophyllus
Jak Fruit CL
Asimina triloba
Pawpaw CL
Averrhoa carambola
Carambola NC



Bactris gasipaes
Pejibaye
Borojoa patinoi
Borojo NC
Brosimum alicastrum
Breadnut
Bunchosia armeniaca Peanutbutter Fruit
CL



Carica papaya
Papaya CL
Casimiroa edulis
Casimiroa
Citrus aurantiifolia
Lime NC
Citrus grandis
Pummelo NC?
Citrus paradisi
Grapefruit NC?
Citrus reticulata
Mandarin
Citrus sinensis
Orange NC



Dimocarpus longan
Longan, Dragon's Eye
Diospyros digyna
Black Sapot, Chocolate Pudding Fruit CL
Diospyros kaki
Oriental Persimmon CL
Dovyalis caffra
Kei Apple
Durio zibethinus
Durian CL



Eriobotrya japonica
Loquat
Eugenia brasiliensis
Grumichama NC
Eugenia uniflora
Surinam Cherry NC



Feijoa sellowiana
Feijoa CL
Ficus carica
Fig CL
Flacourtia indica
Governor’s Plum
Fortunella sp.
Kumquat
Fragaria sp.
Strawberry NC



Garcinia mangostana
Mangosteen



Lansium domesticum
Langsat
Litchi chinensis
Lychee NC
Lycopersicon esculentum
Tomato CL



Macadamia integrifolia
Macadamia Nut
Malus domestica
Apple CL
Mangifera indica
Mango CL
Manilkara zapota
Sapodilla CL
Monstera deliciosa
Monstera CL
Musa sp.
Banana, Plantain
CL



Nephelium lappaceum
Rambutan NC



Passiflora edulis
Purple Passion Fruit CL
Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa
Yellow Passion Fruit CL
Passiflora quadrangularis
Giant Granadilla CL
Persea sp.
Avocado CL
Poraqueiba sericea
Umari Roxo NC
Pourouma cecropiaefolia
Amazon Tree Grape
Pouteria caimito
Caimito CL
Pouteria campechiana
Canistel CL
Pouteria sapota
Mamey Sapote CL
Prunus sp.
Peach CL
Prunus sp.
Apricot CL
Prunus sp.
Plum CL
Prunus sp.
Cherry NC
Psidium guajava
Guava CL
Punica granatum
Pomegranate

Pyrus sp.
Pear CL



Rubus sp.
Thornless Blackberry CL



Salacca edulis
Salak
Sandoricum koetjape
Santol
Syzygium malaccense
Malay Apple NC
Syzygium samarangense
Wax Jambu NC



Tamarindus indica
Tamarind



Vitis sp.
Grape NC



Ziziphus mauritiana
Indian Jujube

CL = Climacteric          NC = Non-Climacteric


Help us improve this table. Please let us know which plants are Climacteric and which are not - send us the Latin name and common name and details. We would also like a photo for each fruit - full credit will be given.






Quisqualis Start Quisqualis Rare Plants Contact Webmaster


Spinning Macintosh
        apple













The materials on this web site are Copyright © All Rights Reserved.